I will preface this post by saying that the items highlighted in red are assumptions and wrong. The things in brackets and italicized are my thoughts. The things that are bolded are my emphasis that these things are not provable, and only assumptions. This is not what you base science on! I have discovered that we really don’t know much about stars, space, the universe! It is almost exclusively conjecture.
The Universe is 13.7 billion years old, based on the measurements of 2 long lived radioactive elements found in asteroids, namely, uranium 238 and thorium 232. (how do they know there aren’t other elements that might be older out there?)
Based on these asteroids, the Milky Way is 13.7 billion years old. From these measurements, it appears large scale structures like galaxies formed relatively quickly after the Big Bang. (I do not believe in the Big Bang theory, and there is no proof of it. The Milky Way may be 13.7 billion years old based on the analyses of asteroids found in it, but I don’t believe that other parts of the universe have the same kinds of asteroids, and wouldn’t be the same age).
Our sun is 4.6 billion years old, based on studying moon rocks. (The moon was brought here from elsewhere, so the sun could be younger/older than the moon. I think it is older. Also, what does a moon have to do with the sun??? Aren’t planets and moons supposed to develop after a sun is born?)
It is a yellow dwarf, which burns 600 million tonnes of hydrogen per second for 10 billion years. When hydrogen runs out at the sun’s core, it will puff up into a red giant, not a super nova or nova. (They are probably correct at how much hydrogen is being burned off, but how do they know how long the hydrogen will last??? I do not know what they base this idea that it will puff up into a red giant either.)
It will expand 200 times and swallow the Earth. Helium and other heavier elements will fuse in and around the core. (Why???) But it will never fuse carbon (Why not???), but shed its outer layers to form a planetary nebula. (Where the hell does this idea come from??? It expands 200 times the size it is now…really??? Again, why?? And how does this fusion of heavier elements cause it to form a planetary nebula??? I find this all very iffy logic personally!)
It will calm down into a white dwarf, which is very dense, with intense gravitational pull. (Again, why should it calm down into a white dwarf????)
As the red giant loses mass, outer planets will drift outwards, the inner planets will have been swallowed by the sun expanding into the red giant, the resonances within the asteroid belt will be amplified and more asteroids will be thrown out of the solar system or pushed closer to the white dwarf. (okay…what exactly will cause the outer planets to drift outwards??? And what will cause the resonances in the asteroid belt to become amplified??? And they can’t even agree if it will cause more asteroids to be thrown out of the solar system or if they will be pushed closer to the white dwarf-which the red giant has now become.)
(This is all theoretical and based on Dr. John Debes simulations, see the article here.)
Debes claims “Dusty white dwarfs are truly a mystery! We think we know what might be going on, but we don’t have a smoking gun yet.” (Ummm…wow, how definitive can you get!?!?!? So how the hell do they know that our yellow dwarf sun is going to become a red giant and devolve into a white dwarf????)
Red giants only exist for a short time – only a billion years. (How do they know this? We haven’t even studied this for a billion years…our knowledge base is so young that we cannot be making these kind of long term assumptions!)
The red giants blow off their outer layers to become planetary nebula. Within the nebula, the hot core remains as a white dwarf. (Why would they blow off their outer layers? And aren’t giant stars composed primarily of gases? Aren’t planets rocky? And I thought white dwarfs are cooled off stars…)
White dwarf stars cool to black dwarfs, which emits no energy. (If it doesn’t emit any energy, then it’s not a star, right?)
However, there are no known black dwarfs because they take tens or even hundreds of billions of years to form and the universe is only 10-20 billion years old. (Okay…we don’t know if there are even such a thing as a black dwarf because none have been found, because supposedly the universe isn’t old enough to have created any. Wow…can we say making stuff up out of thin air???? And how can they say the universe is only 10-20 billion years old, when they don’t even have access to all parts of the universe??? Maybe – just maybe – our little part of the universe is only that old, but the universe is infinite.)
White stars in a binary star system that have enough gravitational pull can pull in matter from the neighboring star until it reaches so much mass that it becomes a supernova. (How can you be sure that it will pull in matter from a neighboring star? I am sure that most neighboring stars are not that close to each other. And if the cosmos is intelligent, which I believe it is, what is the purpose of sucking the life from another star until you bloat up and explode????)
Blue dwarfs are predicted from red dwarfs. (Note: the general rule is that the hotter the star is the bluer it appears. With that in mind, why would a cold red dwarf ever become a much hotter blue dwarf? Also note that there is no true definition of a red dwarf – just like the white dwarf- and the red dwarf category does not refer to a single kind of star. It is frequently applied to the coolest objects and brown dwarfs, which do not sustain hydrogen fusion in their cores)
Red dwarfs are small, burn at lower temperatures, making them cooler. Means they burn through their hydrogen slower, stretching their lifetimes out to trillions of years. (Okay…how do they know they burn at lower temps that results in trillions of years to burn off their hydrogen stores? And maybe they aren’t burning hydrogen at all…there are other radioactive elements out there you know! And how in the world can the scientists know that it takes trillions of years to burn off…this is pure speculation!!!)
Blue giants are only loosely defined – BHB (blue Horizontal branch) stars have helium burning cores with a hydrogen envelope. The BHB stars are older than blue giants and have evolved past the red giant stage. (Again, I have a problem understanding how a cold red star can evolve into something hotter. Where are they getting the extra energy and material to burn hotter?? And again, blue giants are only loosely defined…because they don’t know enough about them to be definitive!!)
Wolf-Rayet stars are highly luminous and have extreme temperatures and prominent helium and nitrogen. WR stars are very hot and blue stars and were red supergiants or LBV (luminous blue variables) stars. (Okay…finally a star that burns something other than hydrogen. Space science makes all its predictions on the assumption that all stars burn hydrogen in their cores. Here is also another case where a cooler giant star becomes an intensely hot blue star. Doesn’t make sense. I would be willing to concede that WR stars were once LBV stars though. Although why does one kind have to evolve into something else?)
The biggest stars don’t expand to red supergiants and have short phases (only 40,000 years) and they become WR stars or explode as supernovas. It is the rarest type of star. (How do they know that the biggest stars only live 40,000 years? That doesn’t even make sense…they have more mass and more material to burn, so they should last much longer! Have they ever seen a big star turn into a WR star??? Or seen them explode into supernovas? If it’s so rare, my guess is no. Why would a large star turn supernova? They would have to be extremely hot and unstable to do that. This is pure conjecture again. I also have a problem with them saying they are rare stars…it could be they are rare in this part of the universe only. You can’t make assumptions that they aren’t more prevalent in the infinite vastness of the universe!)
Most stars in the universe eventually burn off all of their hydrogen and become dead husks called white dwarfs. Eventually they become black dwarfs. (Okay, this is a semantics thing, but I thought the dead husks are the black dwarfs, not the white dwarfs. I thought white dwarfs still burn their core elements, just cooler. I didn’t think they were dead. This also presumes that all stars only burn hydrogen.)
If they are part of a binary star system, a star can add mass by cannibalizing its neighbor and become neutron stars, or become a nova or supernova. (I’ve mentioned this earlier…why would a star cannibalize its neighbor? What mechanism would cause this? I can’t imagine having that strong of a gravitational pull…isn’t that a black hole????)
Okay, I’ve stopped researching stars here because I am totally convinced that NASA and all the other Space Agencies either don’t know what they are talking about, or they are feeding us total bullcrap here. I do not believe any of their assertions, which is based more on speculation and conjecture than hard fact.
So when they say that blue dwarf suns don’t exist, Ladosa Jenavi says bullshit. We have just proved they don’t know what they’re talking about.